Borderline Personality Disorder
In today's article, we will talk about Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD for short).
People with personality disorders can be divided into three groups called Cluster A, B, and C. People in Cluster A are often odd or eccentric. Paranoid, schizotypal, and schizoid disorders are among the disorders in this cluster. Cluster B is composed of people who are dramatic, emotional, or erratic; these are antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic. Last but not least, we have Cluster C, which includes people who seem anxious or fearful, such as avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive.
This article will discuss Cluster B and, more specifically, Borderline Personality Disorder, which is an inability to control impulses, interpersonal relationships, emotions, and self-image.
Mood and relationship instability are the hallmarks of borderline personality disorder. Individuals with this disorder have difficulty being alone. They often form intense and unstable relationships with others and are considered manipulative by the rest of society. Their mood may switch rapidly between depression, anger, and anxiety within a few hours. Temper tantrums, physical assault, or suicidal threats may result from extreme anger.
Many clinicians consider borderline personality disorder to be characterized by identity disturbance. Individuals with this disorder may find it challenging to maintain an integrated image of themselves that reflects both their positives and negatives. As a result, they alternate between thinking of themselves in unrealistically optimistic and unrealistically pessimistic terms at different points in time. Negative self-talk may lead to a depressed attitude and a deflated self-view.
It is common for them to express uncertainty about personal values, sexual preferences, and career options. They experience chronic feelings of emptiness and boredom.
Next, I'll discuss maladaptive personality traits. The categories are Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism.
BPD, has negative characteristics such as emotional lability, anxiety, separation insecurity, and depression. Detachment is not a characteristic of theirs. Their only antagonism is hostility. They have impulsivity and are considered risk-takers due to their disinhibition traits. They do not possess any traits of psychoticism.
Those with borderline personality disorder display a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, their self-images, and their effects, along with impulsivity in a variety of contexts as indicated by 5 (or more) of the following:
1. Intense efforts to prevent real or imagined abandonment
2. A pattern of intense and unstable interpersonal relationships that alternates between idealization and devaluation
3. An identity disturbance is characterized by a markedly unstable sense of self or identity
4. Having an impulsive nature in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (spending, sex, binge-eating, substance abuse)
5. The recurrence of suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or the self-mutilation of the body
6. Affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (irritability, anxiety, intense episodic dysphoria)
7. Chronic feelings of emptiness
8. Excessive anger or difficulty controlling anger
9. Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms
Many clinicians have suggested psychotherapy as a treatment for these personality disorders. Among the most effective psychotherapies for BPD is dialectical behavior therapy. Its primary objectives are to teach people how to live in the moment, deal with stress effectively, control emotions, and improve their relationships.
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