• Isabella Romero

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Welcome back! In the last article, we talked about Depressive Disorders and how there are four types of depressive disorders, each with its criteria and symptoms. Today we will talk about a topic that I find very interesting.


I find all mental disorders interesting, each in their way, but this one is just one of those disorders that make me very curious as to why that person suffers from a specific type of obsession. So if you have not figured out yet what we are going to talk about today, its Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, also known as OCD. All of us have some OCD. For example, before going to sleep, I have to go to the bathroom, which was instilled in me when I was a child and is something that I still do know when I am an adult. But when an obsession or compulsion interrupts my daily life, you have to ask yourself, is this something more? Why that Obsession?


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is not just any typical disorder. It is one of the most exhausting disorders worldwide, including all kinds of medical disorders. OCD and related disorders are defined by the presence of unwanted intrusive thoughts and habitual behaviors.


To understand the symptoms of OCD, we have to separate the two main components, the obsession symptoms and the compulsive symptoms.


An obsession is a repeated, unwanted, intrusive event that occurs through thoughts, images, or urges. A sudden influx of them intrudes into consciousness and causes subjective anxiety to increase. The two ways to distinguish obsessional thinking from worry are 1. They usually perceive a person's obsessions as nonsensical, while everyday problems cause concerns. The content of obsession most often involves themes perceived as being socially unacceptable or horrific, such as sex, violence, and disease/contamination. In contrast, the content of worries tends to center around more acceptable, commonplace concerns, such as money and work.


Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are used to reduce anxiety. These actions are typically considered by the person who performs them to be senseless or irrational. For example, checking many times to ensure a door is locked. The person attempts to resist performing the compulsion but cannot. They cannot avoid it; it’s something that they have to do.


So, obsessions are more of the thoughts that repeatedly happen, while compulsions are more about the behavior, the act of something that the person frequently does. Put them together, and you have thoughts and actions that seem to be running through your mind constantly and the behavior that goes along with that thought.


Some obsessive-compulsive related disorders are body dysmorphic disorder (perceived defects in personal appearance), hoarding disorder (persistent difficulties in getting rid of possessions, regardless of their actual value), trichotillomania also known as hair-pulling disorder (recurrent pulling out one hair, despite many attempts to decrease or stop this behavior) and excoriation, known as skin-picking disorder (persistent picking at one’s skin, most often on the persons face, arms, hands).


Thank you so much for reading, and do not forget to follow The Bella Edit to know when my next article will be published!

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Hello fellow reader, if you are new here welcome to The Bella Edit, we are a lifestyle and travel brand whose purpose is to normalize talking about mental health. If you are someone that follows The B

Hello fellow reader; if you are new here, welcome to The Bella Edit, we are a lifestyle and travel brand whose purpose is to normalize talking about mental health. If you are someone that follows my w